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Trafficking in human beings can be succinctly described as the exploitation of a person, be it in prostitution, or in any other economical sector (e.g. textiles, restaurants, construction …)
Human trafficking is accurately defined in the Law of August 10th  2005: recruitment, transport, transfer, shelter, accommodation of a person, the exchange or transfer of control over the person concerned in view of:

  • sexual exploitation;
  • exploitation of begging;
  • putting a person at work in circumstances contrary to human dignity;
  • exploitation in relation to organ trafficking;
  • forcing a person to commit a crime against his will.

Smuggling of human beings is separately defined in the foreigner’s Law of December 15th 1980.  According to article 77 bis of this Law, smuggling of human beings is defined as “contributing in any way whatsoever, whether directly or indirectly, to permit the entry or the stay of a foreigner in the Kingdom and, in so doing, makes use of the foreigner, either directly or indirectly, in fraudulent operations, in violence, with threats or with any form of constraint, or abuse of the particularly vulnerable situation in which the foreigner finds himself by reason of the illegal or precarious administrative situation, in a state of pregnancy, sickness, infirmity or of a physical or mental deficiency.

Photography by Elke Roelant